Public Domain Day

Вчера беше Public Domain Day. Той се празнува всяка година на 1 януари, и отбелязва… преминаването под статут “обществено достояние” на творбите, чиито авторски права са изтекли.

Както ние в България установихме, това преминаване не е окончателно. Но от нас си зависи да се преборим да бъде. А също и с мераците да се заявява по руски тертип, че след изтичането на авторските права те преминават не в обществено достояние, а в “държавно” достояние. (Апропо, няма ли начин да получим отнякъде официално юридическо становище по тоя въпрос? Спомням си, че беше използван срещу Виктор Кирилов като досплашване, за да махне текстовете за слепи от bezmonitor.com. Време е да се погрижим това да не се повтаря.)

Като цяло по отношение на авторските права светът се дели на 2 зони. В едната, по-голямата, са страните, в които авторските права важат до 50 години след смъртта на автора. В другата, която е горе-долу наполовина на първата (и в която е и България) авторските права важат до 70 години след смъртта на автора. И в двете правата изтичат официално на 1 януари от следващата година след изтичането на въпросния период.

По данни на блога copyrightwatch.ca, вчера изтекоха правата на следните по-известни автори (списъкът е копиран пряко оттам – надявам се да не съм нарушил правата им 😉 ):

В страните от група 1 (50 години от смъртта на автора):

American novelist Anne Parrish; British novelist Dorothy Richardson; Mexican artist Miguel Covarrubias; Romanian poet George Bacovia; Canadian-American geologist Reginald Aldworth Daly; American journalist, novelist, dramatist and poet Kenneth Lewis Roberts; Australian children’s author Gladys Lister; American landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.; Irish-British mystery author Freeman Wills Crofts; American architect Julia Morgan; Swiss-Canadian geologist Carl Faessler; Canadian historian John Bartlet Brebner; Swiss artist Adolf Dietrich; American Prohibition agent Eliot Ness; Romanian-born sculptor Constantin Brancusi; American novelist and poet Christopher Morley; Italian author Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa; English theologian, priest, and crime writer Msgr Ronald Arbuthnott Knox; American geologist William H. Twenhofel; British lawyer and self-styled explorer Sir Randle F.W. Holme; Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral; British physician and medical historian John Joyce Keevil; American ethnomusicologist Frances Densmore; author and Esperantist James Denson Sayers; British biophysicist Rosalind Franklin; American artist Adaline Kent; British detective novelist Dorothy L. Sayers (aka “Mrs Fleming”); American author Peter B. Kyne; American Western novelist Eugene Cunningham; Ukrainian-born writer Mark Aleksandrovich Aldanov; Anglo-Irish fantasy writer Lord Dunsany; Greek novelist Nikos Kazantzakis (“Zorba the Greek”, “Last Temptation of Christ”); Irish artist Jack Butler Yeats; American explorer and aviator Richard Evelyn Byrd; American collector of Native American antiquities George Gustav Heye; British-born philatelist Bertram William Henry Poole; British architect and urban planner Sir (Leslie) Patrick Abercrombie; British journalist and author Helen Pearl Adam; Irish physician and poet Oliver St John Gogarty; Canadian geologist Joseph Burr Tyrrell; Danish artist Kay Nielsen; American journalist Burton Rascoe; Italian poet and novelist Umberto Poli (“Umberto Saba”); German film director Max Ophüls; Canadian Parliamentarian Martha Louise Black; American astronomer Mary Proctor; Finnish composer Jean Sibelius; Hungarian-American mathematician John Von Neumann; Austrian-born anthropologist Felix Bryk; English writer and poet Rose Fyleman; Austrian-American composer Erich Wolfgang Korngold; Austrian-American psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich; British “boys stories” novelist Frederick Sadleir Brereton; American political scientist and philosopher Arthur F Bentley; Australian archaeologist and historian Gordon Childe; Canadian political scientist and historian William Bennett Munro; German physicist Johannes Stark; American pulp sci-fi author Ray Cummings; American writer Edward Alexander Powell; German chemist Heinrich Wieland; British novelist and suffragette Rachel Ferguson; British classical scholar Cyril Bailey; Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III; Canadian-born British author and artist Wyndham Lewis; Anglo-Indian historian H.G. Rawlinson; British musicologist Edward Dent; German novelist Alfred Döblin; Mexican artist Diego Rivera; British theologian Bishop Alfred Walter Frank Blunt; Anglo-South African professor and biographer John Peter Richard Wallis; British essayist and critic John Middleton Murry; British novelist and poet Malcolm Lowry; American physicist and chemist Irving Langmuir; “Campfire Girls” author Hildegard G. Frey; American author Laura Ingalls Wilder (“Little House on the Prairie”); English crime novelist Richard Goyne (aka “John Courage”); American novelist Stanley Vestal; British literary scholar Frederick Samuel Boas; Irish-Canadian military chaplain and archbishop Robert John Renison; Canadian boat designer and author William Albert Hickman; Polish-American novelist and dramatist Sholom Asch; American agronomist Richard Laban Adams; American artist Adam Emory Albright; American social worker and educator Edith Abbott; American athlete and author James Brendan Connolly; Austrian-American anthropologist Robert Harry Lowie; Norwegian geophysicist Harald Ulrik Sverdrup; American professor of Romance languages William Albert Nitze; British novelist Joyce Cary; Danish Arctic explorer Peter Freuchen; American astronomer Henry Norris Russell; American arts-and-crafts architect Bernard Maybeck; British statistician and economist Sir Arthur Lyon Bowley; Hungarian artist Béla Apáti Abkarovics; Belgian architect and designer Henri Van De Velde; American Senator Joseph McCarthy; American mystery author Georgianna Randolph Craig (aka “Craig Rice”); и още много други.

В страните от втората група (70 години от смъртта на автора):

British writer and parliamentarian Walter Runciman; Canadian poet Michael Whelan; Russian novelist, playwright, and essayist Yevgeny Zamiatin; American orientalist Abraham Valentine Williams Jackson; British statesman and Nobel laureate Sir Austen Chamberlain; British politician Philip Snowden; American politician Newton D. Baker; Canadian librarian George Herbert Locke; British engineer and submarine cable developer Sir Charles Bright; New Zealand-born chemists and physicist Ernest Rutherford; American author and editor George Horace Lorimer; British artist and author Dion Clayton Calthrop; British Marxist writer and poet Christopher St John Sprigg (aka “Christopher Caudwell”); American author Ellis Parker Butler (“Pigs is Pigs”); American entomologist Vernon Lyman Kellogg; British banker and zoologist Lionel Walter de Rothschild; American essayist Rowland Gibson Hazard; American historian Charles Homer Haskins; American plant pathologist Jacob J. Taubenhaus; American entomologist William Morton Wheeler; British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald; British novelist Algernon Gissing; Canadian poet Beatrice Redpath; Czech statesman and founding President of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Masaryk; American novelist Lucy Fitch Perkins (the “Twins” series); American theologian Melancthon Williams Jacobus Jr.; American composer George Gershwin; British chemist Henry Edward Armstrong; French novelist Marguerite Audoux; British-born Canadian novelist and naturalist Julia Henshaw; German indologist Hermann Jacobi; German politician and military strategist Erich Ludendorff; British novelist Joseph Hocking; American poet Anna Hempstead Branch; British composer and letter-writer Algernon Bennet Langton Ashton; Bengali scientist and author Jagadis Chandra Bose; Scottish social welfare advocate and author Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane; American historian J. Franklin Jameson; Canadian poet and historian Rev. Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton; American clergyman and Communist William Montgomery Brown; American geologist Thomas Nelson Dale; Belgian-British zoologist George Albert Boulenger; French author Jean de Brunhoff (“Babar”); British writer and second wife and biographer of Thomas Hardy, Florence Emily Dugdale; American politician James Norris Gillett; American novelist Florence Morse Kingsley; Irish politician and author Sir Dunbar Plunket Barton; British aviator and adventurer Baden Baden-Powell; British-born sculptor Rayner Hoff; British writer and editor Edward Garnett; American author and Mark Twain biographer Albert Bigelow Paine; American fantasy and science fiction writer H.P. Lovecraft; British poet and playwright John Drinkwater; American sculptor Henry Clews; hunter and adventurer Henry Anderson Bryden; American industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Mellon; American journalist and essayist Paul Elmer More; American conservationist and eugenicist Madison Grant; American author Frank H. Spearman; American writer and journalist Norman Hapgood; English jurist and legal historial Sir Frederick Pollock; Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi; American architect and botanist George Russell Shaw; British archaeologist Percy Gardner; Canadian journalist and parliamentarian Rodolphe Lemieux; British philosopher Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller; Canadian Prime Minister Sir Robert Laird Borden; American playwright William Hooker Gillette; American statesman and Nobel laureate Elihu Root; Aviator Amelia Earhart (or did she?); American engineer Lewis Muhlenberg Haupt; British writer Mary Frances Butts; American politician and author Rear Admiral Richmond Pearson Hobson; Maltese journalist and political figure Sir Augustus Bartolo; American ethnologist John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt; British clergyman and missionary Bishop Henry Hanlon; Irish writer and publisher Edmund Downey; Dutch physician and gynaecologist Theodoor Hendrik van de Velde; Scottish novelist and dramatist J.M. Barrie (“Peter Pan”); British veterinarian Orlando Charnock Bradley; British dramatist Idwal Jones; American inventor Frederick Eugene Ives; American historian and anthropologist Henry Sale Halbert; French composer Maurice Ravel; Boer War veteran Robert Valentine Dolbey; Canadian clergyman and novelist Charles William Gordon (aka “Ralph Connor”); American conservationist and poet William Temple Hornaday; British educator and musicologist Sir William Henry Hadow; French philosopher and historian Élie Halévy; British writer Thomas H Gladstone; British brigadier-general Herbert Augustus Iggulden; American industrialist and philanthropist John Davison Rockefeller; Uruguayan poet and dramatist Horacio Quiroga; British lichenologist Annie Lorrain Smith; American politician Milford W Howard; American politician and statesman Frank B. Kellogg; American journalist and author Don Marquis (“Archy and Mehitabel”); Austrian psychologist Alfred Adler; American novelist Edith Wharton; и още много други.

Между изброените в copyrightwatch.ca няма българи. На първо сещане ми хрумват:

– Мара Белчева (поетеса)
– Анастас Иширков (географ и етнограф)
– Йордан Йовков (писател)
– Антон Страшимиров (писател)
– Любомир Милетич (историк и езиковед)
– Иван Урумов (ботаник)
– Димитър Подвързачов (поет, фейлетонист и преводач)

Викторе, с чиста съвест можеш вече да сложиш произведенията на Йовков. А ние – да ги четем и разпространяваме спокойно. И той, и останалите в списъка са заслужили да бъдат знаени и помнени.

5 Responses to 'Public Domain Day'

  1. Bobson Says:

    Не ми харесва формулировката “Викторе, с чиста съвест можеш вече да сложиш произведенията на Йовков”… Не виждам защо би му омърсило съвестта точно на него едно неслучило се миналогодишно обнародване на творбите на Йовков…По скоро сега може да го направи без да се плаши, че душманите биха имали законооснование да тормозят некой. Но то на душманите не им трябва законова основаност. На тях им трябва страх, което предлагам да не им се дава…

  2. Benihil Says:

    И в България до 1999 г. (ако не се лъжа) авторското право дейтваше до 50 години след смъртта на автора. След това тихомълком годините станаха 70 и не се чуха особени протести против това.

  3. Григор Says:

    @Bobson: Именно. Вече може да не се бои толкова.

    @Benihill: Че кога са се чували в България протести, когато избраниците ни са ни бръквали в джобовете?

  4. Victor Says:

    Здравейте и благодаря, честита нова година.
    Аз пусках текстове, които ги няма никъде из интернет. Йовков си го имаше на slovo.bg, когато милицията ревна, ги махнаха оттам, сега пак са пуснати, така че, Йовков си го имаме 🙂
    По-интересното е, че май няма ясна, ако не и никаква дефиниция в закона що е то изтекли права…

  5. В.М. Says:

    Убедена съм, че уважението към знанието и труда се крепи на познаването и уважението към закона – писаният / записаният/ морал на хората. От това уважение произлиза и уважението към резултатите от труда на хората.
    Психически здравият човек не вреди на другите…Небрежното четене / и писане/ и тенденциозното тълкуване на писаното слово не са основание за сериозни заключения и не носят практическа полза – само замърсяват ефира и събуждат нездрави чувства и страсти…едно време казвахме, че такава енергия може да пусне в действие …само свирката на влака…от Вас зависи коя позиция ще изберете.

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